The legend that he was seeking a spring whose waters could restore youth the "Fountain of Youth" appears to have been fabricated after his death by one of his enemies at court to discredit the explorer.
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From Puerto Rico on Mar. Augustine early in April. He turned south, exploring the coast to Key West, and proceeded up the west coast as far as Cape Romano. After partly pacifying Puerto Rico, which had been in revolt, he sailed to Spain, where the king commissioned him Sept. With two vessels, men, 50 horses and other domestic animals, and farm implements, he sailed for Florida in Upon landing on the west coast, probably in the vicinity of Charlotte Harbor or Tampa Bay, his party was fiercely attacked by Native Americans , and he was severely wounded by an arrow.
A veteran of Columbus' second voyage, he conquered Puerto Rico for Spain —09 , and in led an expedition to explore rumoured islands north of Cuba. In , he returned with a colonizing expedition and received an arrow wound from which he later died. According to legend, he came to the New World in search of the mythical fountain of youth, but his principal motivation was probably the pursuit of gold and riches.
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He later fought with the Spanish army against the Moors Muslims in southern Spain. His bravery led to an assignment to travel with Italian explorer Christopher Columbus — on his second voyage to the New World in His army conquered the island, and he was named governor of the new Spanish possession of Puerto Rico. There, he grew rich from the island's gold, its exotic fruits, and slave labor. He wanted to find and settle an island he had heard about called Bimini, which supposedly contained a mysterious spring that restored youth to all who drank its waters.
Sailing north, the expedition sighted land. It is unclear whether he chos this name because of the colorful beauty of the land or because it was the feast of Easter, or la pascua florida in Spanish. In the name of the Spanish king, he took possession of the new land near the present-day city of St. Augustine on the eastern coast of Florida. He and his men followed the shoreline around the southern tip of Florida and past the Florida Keys. Coming upon a group of islands, he and his men captured turtles.
The expedition sailed north along the Gulf coast of Florida as far as Sanibel Island, then turned and headed back toward Cuba.
In , he loaded two ships with supplies, about two hundred men, fifty horses, and many domestic animals for his second journey to find Bimini. The presence of rival foreigners in Spanish lands in America and the rivalry among European empires was transferred to America. Thus the continent became the scene of new confrontations.
The Spanish crown felt compelled to send new expeditions to achieve the conquest of the discovered territories. After securing the surrender of the French population he founded the town of St. He travelled to Spain numerous times to secure funds and families with whom to continue the task. He travelled around the territory of Florida time and again, encouraging the colonists and religious orders and tenaciously upholding the colonial enterprise in lands where the Indians resisted Spanish presence.
The conquest and colonization of America represented a bilateral cultural exchange. The culture and experience of managing cattle and horse riding were imported from Spain, specifically from the Marshes of the Guadalquivir River. These rumors incited Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza to send Fray Marcos de Niza in at the head of a party to confirm the veracity of the fable and to inquire into the existence of a passage of transfer between both oceans.
Juan Ponce de Leon - Facts, Route & Timeline - Biography
Following fantastic adventures, Niza climbed to the top of a hill overlooking a village. The setting sun made him believe that he was contemplating a city of gold. After exploring the coast of Sonora he entered the high plateau and discovered that the legendary cities did not exist. Born in an illustrious family, Coronado traversed many states of the present-day United States without finding the riches he sought after. That first winter was very hard on the Spaniards because food was running low. But once more the mirage vanished, since all they found there were bison, grasslands and sky.
On the way back to their primitive quarters, Coronado suffered an injury after falling from his horse that plunged him into deep despair and led him to return to Spain. After many others had failed in the attempt, it was he who managed to consolidate the Spanish presence permanently in the southwestern United States. In he financed by his own means a large party composed of families, Indians to assist him, and 7, heads of cattle, as well as implements for settling the new lands, and he overcame great difficulties in order to set off on his expedition.
Explorations and Voyages
He began one of these new expeditions in with the purpose of reaching the Pacific. After a decade of immense and tenacious efforts, he was removed from the position, but the flame of colonization had been lit: fields were irrigated, livestock was pastured, and families began to prosper, in good harmony with the Pueblo Indians. The colonization of New Mexico was one of the main results of his exploration and government.
The inclusion of the territory of Arizona into western civilization is the undisputed work of the Jesuit Father Kino. He was, moreover, a man of great exploratory and scientific curiosity. He traveled to Baja California in and affirmed that it was not the island it was believed to be, but rather a peninsula.
As a missionary, his zeal was prodigious, and he expanded agriculture and livestock farming, which changed the lives of the Arizona Indians. In brief, Father Kino introduced livestock, plants, religion, language, construction techniques and music, some of European origin and others from New Spain, with the aid of which he successfully founded a network of villages in the most arid southwestern areas of the Viceroyalty.
Thanks to this missionary network the nomadic Native Americans gradually settled in the area. Another result of his work was the establishment of a military force to defend the border and explore new territories to the north of the known lands, reaching as far as the north part of the Colorado River. For all these reasons, he is considered to be the first colonizer of Arizona. California was the last territory of the United States to be occupied by Spain. After founding the mission of San Diego, the expedition began the search for Monterey, which was not found during a first trip because of fog.
There, the Manila Galleon, after several months of arduous navigation in those latitudes, found a place of refuge. Over twenty missions were founded to evangelize the Indians and integrate them into western culture, as well as several cities, including Los Angeles. He was a man of great human qualities and a striking personality that manifested itself in matters both spiritual and civil. As a missionary, he was tireless. He founded a dozen missions to evangelize and instruct the indigenous people.
He named the region Florida because it was discovered at Easter time Spanish: Pascua Florida and because it abounded in lush, florid vegetation. He then returned to Puerto Rico and thence to Spain , where he secured the title in of military governor of Bimini and Florida with permission to colonize those regions.
On this occasion he was wounded by an arrow during an Indian attack, and he died after being returned to Cuba. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.